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Historia de la Belleza (II Parte)

Written by María Peña

Beauty has various applications, this time we will talk about beauty in relation to hair aesthetics that deals with hair care.

Hair has always been considered as an element of change in a constant memory of development and fashions; this has been the history of the hairdressing salon, this is how the passage of the human being in time has been drawn, related to this magical, social and ornamental element, called hair.

In a journey through the history of humanity, we will discover hair as one of the main hallmarks of each person in relation to the evolution of hair care. It is the oldest reference that exists on the existence of care, products and avant-gardes. The most significant changes in cosmetics are beginning to take place in the ancient Egyptian empire

In the Empire that created on the banks of the Nile, there were frequent, as we have observed in different films and documentaries, men with completely shaved heads; not so the priests and the members of the ruling elites. These stood out with a symbol of distinction between the plebs, slaves and subjects; hair with different hairstyles, colors, straight hair wigs and natural hair, as well as valuable headdresses of gold and precious stones.

At this time we are already talking about plant-based pigments for hair. The discovery of the coloring properties of the hay gave the females the possibility of obtaining reddish and mahogany colors in their hair.

Thanks to the advance in communications (maritime and terrestrial of the Egyptian world) and the constant warlike conflicts, the customs spread more rapidly throughout the Mediterranean. Thus, for example, the Greek world, imbued with wisdom of orientation and the west, between the earthly and the divine, created a cult of the body propagated and fed with legends and ideals of beauty. In this search for divine perfection in which they were immersed, they cultivated not only their body, but also their face and hair; The hairstyles had many details, of which we have reference thanks to the sculptures. These show us short locks that surrounded the forehead, long collected hairs and the difference of the Egyptians, a lot of movement expressed through the wavy hair.

It is in Hellenic society that the hairdressing academies run by slaves appear for the first time, adorning, adorning and beautifying the philosophical heads of the Greeks (citizens).

The land of Romulus and Remus will be the direct heir to Greek tastes and fans. Thus, we also adopt the concept of physical beauty and, therefore, the concern to observe the beauty of her hair.

A pleasant surprise for Roman women happened when they saw the captives brought by Julius Caesar de las Galias, who wore beautiful blond hair, which they wanted to imitate. This is the origin of the taste for Nordic beauty, it is from that moment when tests are carried out to clarify the tone of the hair, predominantly the compound of goat suet and beech ash, although it was not too healthy for the punished hair

The hairstyles were varying, taking into account the long duration of the Roman empire and the influence that contact with the different peoples they were conquering was receiving. We can talk about the most common such as the hair around the head, the mane with curlers and the hair up and braided.

Already at this time, hairdressing was practiced permanently, emerging specialties depending on what was done: hairstyle, color, hairpieces, etc.

After the fall of the Roman Empire, two antagonistic cycles began: the Middle Ages, an era in which freedoms limited the expression of being, and the Renaissance, where man had a more open space to think and create. Christianity begins to prevail in the different states, austerity triumphing over coquetry.

To be continue…

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